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 At St Wulstan's we have a systematic approach to phonics teaching from Nursery- Year 2.

Children will be taught phase 1 and 2 phonics when they begin school in our Nursery.

In Reception, all children will be taught Phase 2 and 3 sounds. These will help to reinforce the Phase 2 sounds for children who have been in our nursery, and Phase 3 will be new learning for all. We use a whole class approach to phonics, underpinned by Letters and Sounds, called StoryTime Phonics. This programme was adopted as it promotes a love of books and early reading for our children, which we are passionate about here at St Wulstan's. The EYFS team use the focus story books to plan the rest of their curriculum around. We have adapted the programme where we see fit, in order to ensure that all children master and apply each sound that they learn. Staff will choose the specific sounds and books to base the rest of the curriculum on, based on their assessments and children's interests. Sounds are constantly reinforced throughout the school day and curriculum. 

To find out more about StoryTime phonics - click here

Children not keeping up with the pace of the phonics programme are identified quickly through assessments and have additional support in the form of small group, targeted interventions. 

In Year 1, Letters and Sounds is currently used to teach phonics. Children begin by revisiting phase 3 and 4 before starting phase 5 phonics, where they will learn alternative pronunciations and spellings for sounds.

Phonics is taught daily for 20 minutes.

Each session has four parts:





In Year 2, pupils will learn the spelling rules set out in phase 6. This is set out in the whole school spelling long term plan. Click here to access this

Throughout the phases there will also be a set of 'tricky words' to learn which are commonly used words that are not decodable. 


During Year 2 and throughout the rest of their time at primary school, children learn the spelling rules set out by the National Curriculum.  Regular spelling sessions are planned which include games, exploring patterns, dictionary work, paired investigations and other activities which promote accurate spelling in a fun context.



Click here for our Phonics policy.


Click here for the full 'Letters and Sounds' document.

Below are some websites to help you support your child's phonics learning at home:

Below are some phonic sound mats that you can use to support your child at home. 

Phase 1 mat

Phase 2 mat

Phase 3 mat

Phase 4 mat

Phase 5 mat


Click here for the correct enunciation of the phonemes taught in Phonics


 Click here to take you to the Jolly Phonics website to check the enunciation of individual sounds